An OPC is a good alternative to running a sole proprietorship, largely because it gives limited liability to the business owner. This means that your liability is limited to the amount you’ve invested in the business; business debts cannot be recovered from personal possessions. Also, a sole proprietorship ceases to exist on the death of its promoter. In the case of an OPC, the nominee director takes over and the entity continues to exist. Single entrepreneurs who do not have another partner to start a private limited company may also consider it.
Only Indian residents can register an OPCs, and that, too, only one at a time, as per the specifications of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
All such businesses must maintain books of accounts, comply with statutory audit requirements and submit income tax returns and annual filings with the RoC.
There is no difference in capital requirement between an OPC and a private limited company. It needs an authorised capital of Rs. 1 lakh to begin with, but none of this actually needs to be paid-up. This means that you don’t really need to invest any money into the business.
No general advantages; though some industry-specific advantages are available. Tax is to be paid at flat rate of 30% on profits, Dividend Distribution Tax applies, as does Minimum Alternate Tax.
The MCA is skeptical about a single person in charge of a large corporation. Therefore, it requires all OPCs to be converted into private limited or public limited companies on crossing a certain revenue number. Currently, in case of an average turnover of Rs. 2 crore or more for the three consecutive years or a paid-up capital of over Rs. 50 lakh, the OPC must mandatorily be converted into an OPC.
The cost of an OPC is only marginally lower than that of a private limited company. You’ll be shelling out around Rs. 12,000 to incorporate, then paying around Rs. 15,000 a year in compliance fees and an auditor to inspect your books.
An OPC has certain limitations. The person starting the business is its only director and shareholder. There is also a nominee director, but this person has no power whatsoever for raising equity funds or offer employee stock options. The nominee exists only to take over in case of the death or incapacitation of the director. The nominee is chosen by the director, and can be anyone, such as your spouse, parents or siblings. The nominee will need to provide identity proof during registration.
No, an individual can form only one OPC at a time. This rule applies to the nominee in an OPC, too.
TO BE SUBMITTED BY DIRECTORS & SHAREHOLDERS
Scanned copy of PAN Card or Passport (Foreign Nationals & NRIs) Scanned copy of Voter's ID/Passport/Driver's License Scanned copy of Latest Bank Statement/Telephone or Mobile Bill/Electricity or Gas Bill Scanned passport-sized photograph Specimen signature (blank document with signature [directors only]) Note: Any one of the directors must self-attest the first t
FOR THE REGISTERED OFFICE
Scanned copy of Latest Bank Statement/Telephone or Mobile Bill/Electricity or Gas Bill Scanned copy of Notarised Rental Agreement in English Scanned copy of No-objection Certificate from property owner Scanned copy of Sale Deed/Property Deed in English (in case of owned property) Note: Your registered office need not be a commercial space; it can be your residence
7 WORKING DAYS
As soon as we apply for the DSC, we will ask you to pick a name for your company, and send us some scanned documents regarding it. These will be used to file SPICe i.e. INC-32 and the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA). The Certificate of Incorporation will be approved at the end of this process.
2 WORKING DAYS
Every company needs a registered Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Account Number (TAN). We will make the application online ourselves, but you will need to courier hard copies of the required documents yourself. The PAN and TAN will be couriered to the your registered office address in 21 working days.